文章摘要
环片数量对环帆伞气动性能的影响
Effect of ring number on the aerodynamic performance of ringsail parachute
投稿时间:2020-07-01  修订日期:2020-07-24
DOI:
中文关键词: 降落伞,环帆伞,气动性能,数值模拟
英文关键词: parachute  ringsail parachute  aerodynamic performance  numerical simulation
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(基金号11972192); 江苏高校优势学科建设工程资助项目
作者单位E-mail
高畅 南京航空航天大学 飞行器环境控制与生命保障工业和信息化部重点实验室 nuaagaochang@nuaa.edu.cn 
余莉 南京航空航天大学 飞行器环境控制与生命保障工业和信息化部重点实验室 yuli_happy@163.com 
张思宇 南京航空航天大学 飞行器环境控制与生命保障工业和信息化部重点实验室  
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中文摘要:
      为探究环片数量对环帆伞气动性能的影响,本文基于CFD方法对某环帆伞流场开展了定常三维数值模拟,采用有限体积法求解不可压缩Navier-Stokes控制方程来模拟外部流场,获得了该伞气动参数与绕流流场分布。通过数值结果与空投试验结果对比,验证了数值方法的准确性。在不改变伞衣名义面积和环帆高度比的前提下,分别针对定结构透气量和变结构透气量开展了环片数量对气动性能的影响研究,结果表明:定结构透气性下,环片数量对伞衣阻力性能和气动静稳定性的影响很小。变结构透气性时,环片数量通过影响透气量、尾涡分布等因素进一步影响环帆伞稳定性。上述结果对环帆伞的设计有一定参考意义。
英文摘要:
      In order to explore the influence of the ring number on the aerodynamic performance of ringsail parachute, this paper carried out the numerical calculation of the flow field based on CFD method, and the incompressible Navier-Stokes equation is solved by the finite volume method, and obtained the aerodynamic parameters and flow field distribution of the ringsail parachute. By comparing with the airdrop test results, the accuracy of the numerical calculation of the flow field was verified. Based on the above method, the influence of the number of rings on the aerodynamic performance of the canopy is studied respectively for the fixed geometric porosity and the variable geometric porosity without changing the nominal area and the ratio of rings to sails. The results show that the change of the number of rings under the fixed geometric porosity will not cause the great change of the resistance performance and stability performance of the canopy. In the case of variable geometric porosity, the number of rings will affect the stability of the parasail through the geometric porosity and the distribution of wake vortex.
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